การจัดทำระบบฐานข้อมูลความหลากหลายทางชีวภาพของระบบนิเวศภูเขาในภาคเหนือของประเทศไทยกรณีศึกษา ในจังหวัดเชียงใหม่ และจังหวัดแม่ฮ่องสอน The Establishment on Biodiversity Database System of Mountain Ecosystem in Northern Thailand, Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son Provinces Case Studies
The objectives of this study are consisted of biodiversity data inventory and biodiversity database establishment. based on geographic information system pattern. It can be divided into two parts as firstly biodiversity data gathering within five case study areas, including Doi Inthanon, Doi Suthep Pui National Parks, Doi Chiang Dao, Omkoi and Pai Watershed Wildlife Sanctuaries, and secondly biodiversity database design for mountain ecosystem of Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son provinces. It is found that mountain ecosystem area of Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son provinces is 6,813.44 and 2,806.94 km2 (30.84 and 22.03 ) of provincial area respectively. Most of plant communities are hill evergreen forest which consisted of 149 identified species in 56 families and 23 unidentified species. The most important species are identified within genus Fragaceae. The most diversity of plant species are found in sub alpine ecosystem of Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary with 39 species in 25 families. Diversity of wildlife is clarified as mammal for 101 species 29 families, amphibian 63 species 7 families, reptile 89 species 16 families and birds 479 species 51 families. Mushroom diversity is clarified as 277 species in 51 families. Relational database is employed for biodiversity database design and development and can be interfaced within GIS pattern. In addition, this database system can be applied for further efficiency of biodiversity monitoring and surveillance in mountain ecosystem approach.